Since its launch in 1994, the joint global UNIDO-UNEP Programme has supported capacity development in 47 developing and transition countries. In each of these countries, national experts have been trained, in plant assessments completed and Cleaner Production(CP) results and experiences disseminated. In addition, an institutional platform for ongoing service delivery and CP promotion was created, typically through a NCPC but in some countries through other mechanisms, including NCPP.
The Programme has fostered close cooperation between the two lead UN agencies. UNIDO assumed prime responsibility for establishing NCPCs/NCPP and supporting them with the implementation of CP in enterprises. UNEP worked with different groups of NCPCs to develop and trial new management tools, policy instruments and applications. These included, for instance, sustainable product development and the integration of CP with energy efficiency. Both UNIDO and UNEP collaborated individually and collectively with other multilateral agencies and financial institutions in specific areas. Joint activities have focused on Corporate Social Responsibility (for example with the International Labour Organization), technology transfer (for example with the UN Climate Change Secretariat) and finance (for example with the International Finance Corporation).
The Programme has benefitted from long term commitments from development partners. The Governments of Switzerland and Austria have provided the largest shares of programme resources through the UN agencies. Several other countries have made further essential contributions, including Norway, Italy, Czech Republic, Slovenia, and the European Union. Moreover, several multilateral programmes (e.g. UNDP,World Bank, Global Environment Facility) and bilateral cooperation projects (e.g. Sweden, Denmark, USA and Germany) have directly utilized selected NCPCs at country-level.